H. IBRAHIM TÜRKDOGAN
Omar Khayyam and Max Stirner
Translated by Ulrike Hirschhäuser
I Determined To Rely On Nothing !
Transgressing limits implies that words become
unreal and concepts are no longer arbitrary. According to Omar the world of
appearances is an illusion, it is characterized by emptiness, so what is hidden
behind it cannot be grasped by reason. And as all abstractions ring hollow and
do not permit transgressing limits Stirner and Omar declare them to be invalid.
Concepts are subjected to logical thinking. Man´s real experiences are not
logical ones. So they can only be communicated indirectly. The world of
experiences differs from the world of concepts. Suzuki tries to explore this
phenomenon. He writes, “In the western world yes means yes, and no
means no. Yes never means no and vice versa. The eastern world allows yes
to transform into no and no into yes;
there are no rigid limits between the two words. The reason for this is the
nature of life. Only logical thinking does not allow to remove limits. Logical
thinking was created as an aid for useful purposes.”
Whatever concepts rationalists may devise, they will be
unable to outwit life. Moreover Suzuki tries to explain the failure of reason,
which is in charge of the search for a definite answer, and arrives at a
conclusion which coincides with mysticism, “The answer is buried deep below
the lowest layer of our nature.”
Below the surface there is the subconscious called Mu
by Suzuki, i.e. the cosmic or ontological subconscious. To the mystic and the
unique Ego it is their inner lives where they identify God and the world. That
is the essence of Omar´s teachings: the concept of truth has to be eliminated,
but not the truth itself. I can experience the truth by being myself, I am my
creation, because I am the world. Thus the contrast or difference between me and
the world is abolished and both parts are united and become an entirety.
Concerning the inexpressible all beating about the bush will come to an end.
leaves the world, which is full of conflicts, behind without explaining its
riddle, without “pronouncing any profound word”. The world cannot be
explained but only be experienced. We can consider these to be Omar´s and
Stirner´s last words.
 D.T. Suzuki, E.Fromm Zen-Buddhismus und Psychoanalyse, 1971, p.19 (Zen-Buddhism and Psychoanalysis)
 Suzuki, Fromm p. 67